H 55° L 52°
Foggy | 0MPH

Turkey Fryers

Nov. 23, 2009


The North Shore Fire Department and NFPA discourages the use of outdoor gas-fueled turkey fryers that immerse the turkey in hot oil. These turkey fryers use a substantial quantity of cooking oil at high temperatures, and units currently available for home use pose a significant danger that hot oil will be released at some point during the cooking process. The use of turkey fryers by consumers can lead to devastating burns, other injuries and the destruction of property. NFPA urges those who prefer fried turkey to seek out professional establishments, such as grocery stores, specialty food retailers, and restaurants for the preparation of the dish, or consider a new type of "oil-less" turkey fryer."

Hot oil may splash or spill at any point during the cooking process, when the fryer is jarred or tipped over, the turkey is placed in the fryer or removed, or the turkey is moved from the fryer to the table. Any contact between hot oil and skin could result in serious injury. Any contact between hot oil and nonmetallic materials could lead to serious damage.

A major spill of hot oil can occur with fryers designed for outdoor use and using a standas these units are particularly vulnerable to upset or collapse, followed by a major spill of hot oil. Newer countertop units using a solid base appear to reduce this particular risk. NFPA does not believe that consumer education alone can make the risks of either type of turkey fryer acceptably low because of the large quantities of hot oil involved and the speed and severity of burn likely to occur with contact.

In deep frying, oil is heated to temperatures of 350 degrees Fahrenheit or more. Cooking oil is combustible, and if it is heated beyond its cooking temperature, its vapors can ignite. This is a fire danger separate from the burn danger inherent in the hot oil. Overheating can occur if temperature controls, which are designed to shut off the fryer if the oil overheats, are defective, or if the appliance has no temperature controls.

Propane-fired turkey fryers are designed for outdoor use, particularly for Thanksgiving, by which time both rain and snow are common in many parts of the country. If rain or snow strikes exposed hot cooking oil, the result can be a splattering of the hot oil or a conversion of the rain or snow to steam, either of which can lead to burns. Use of propane-fired turkey fryers indoors to avoid bad weather is contrary to their design and dangerous in its own right. Also, moving an operating turkey fryer indoors to escape bad weather is extremely risky. Fires have occurred when turkey fryers were used in a garage or barn or under eaves to keep the appliance out of the rain.

The approximately 5 gallons of oil in these devices introduce an additional level of hazard to deep fryer cooking, as does the size and weight of the turkey, which must be safely lowered into and raised out of the large quantity of hot oil. Many turkeys are purchased frozen, and they may not be fully thawed when cooking begins. As with a rainy day, a defrosting turkey creates the risk of contact between hot cooking oil.

There is a new outdoor turkey cooking appliance that does not use oil. NFPA believes these should be considered as an alternative. NFPA understands that this appliance will be listed by a recognized testing laboratory.

NFPA continues to believe that turkey fryers that use oil, as currently designed, are not suitable for acceptably safe use by even a well-informed and careful consumer. Consumers may find packaging of turkey fryers displaying independent product safety testing labels. NFPA is familiar with the details of these test standards and does not believe that they are sufficiently comprehensive regarding the different ways in which serious harm can occur, and, in some cases, regarding the different parts of the turkey fryer that need to be tested.

For questions regarding turkey fryers or other fire and life safety issues, please feel free to contact the North Shore Fire Department Public Education Office at or 414-228-0292.





This site uses Facebook comments to make it easier for you to contribute. If you see a comment you would like to flag for spam or abuse, click the "x" in the upper right of it. By posting, you agree to our Terms of Use.

Suburban News Roundup

E-mail Newsletter

Your link to the biggest stories in the suburbs delivered Thursday mornings.

Enter your e-mail address above and click "Sign Up Now!" to begin receiving your e-mail newsletter
Get the Newsletter!

Login or Register to manage all your newsletter preferences.

Community Watch

» North Shore fire service consolidation saved millions, report says 06:00 AM

» Brown Deer will build new public works facility 10/5

» Milwaukee suburbs trick-or-treat times 2015 10/5

» Animated characters help patients discuss ailments, levels of pain 10/3

» Homestead High graduate killed in Afghanistan plane crash Updated:  10/2

» Badger Meter River Park opens in Brown Deer 10/2

» Updated week seven rankings of area prep football teams and players Updated:  10/2

» Glendale's 27th Street renamed to Sidney Place after homeowners' request Updated:  10/2

» Initial Reaction Podcast: Is Aaron Rodgers really the best QB in football? 10/1

» Kirkendoll saves day with pick as Whitefish Bay takes NSC grid lead 10/1

» Nicolet boys volleyball team holds off Homestead in NSC thriller 9/30

» Energized Shorewood swimmers just miss in Woodland meet 9/30

» Homestead still controls its own fate in NSC football race 9/30

» Whitefish Bay soccer team runs win streak to 9 with rout of East 9/30

» Parkway Elementary School hosts Color Run to benefit all-inclusive playground 9/30

» Sport Shorts: Oct. 1, 2015 9/30

» Homestead girls win North Shore Conference golf title 9/30

» Joanne Lipo Zovic appointed to Shorewood School Board 9/29

» Lake Shore Middle School earns blue ribbon award 9/29

» 3 things you can do to protect your family, pets from coyote attacks Updated:  9/29

» Mequon middle school earns 2015 Blue Ribbon honors 9/29

» Woman charged with shoplifting, causing fiery car crash Updated:  9/29

» Mary Nohl house in Fox Point to be restored 9/28

» Seniors invited to free retirement information programs at Shorewood Senior Resource Center 9/28

» Michael Kirkendoll's pick lifts Whitefish Bay football team over Germantown 9/25

View All Posts Got a tip? Welcome rss




Local Business Directory


Most Popular